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The Financial Express
Swasti Lankabangla Swasti Lankabangla

Chinese birth rate falls to lowest in seven decades

The end of one-child policy has done little to reverse falling birth-rate



Chinese birth rate falls to  lowest in seven decades

China's birth rate has fallen to its lowest since the formation of the People's Republic of China 70 years ago - despite the easing of the one-child policy, reports BBC.

The birth rate was 10.48 per thousand in 2019 - the lowest since 1949, the National Bureau of Statistics said.

The number of babies born in 2019 dropped by 580,000 to 14.65 million.

The country's birth rate has been falling for years - posing a challenge for the world's second biggest economy.

Despite the birth rate falling, a lower death rate meant China's population hit 1.4 billion in 2019, inching up from 1.39bn.

But the falling birth rate is raising fears of a "demographic timebomb" - that is, a smaller working-age population having to support a bigger, retired population.

China's birth rate is lower than the US which stood at 12 per thousand people in 2017 (the most recent data available), but higher than Japan's figure of 8.

The overall global birth rate was 18.65 in 2017, according to the World Bank.

In 1979, the Chinese government introduced a nation-wide "one-child policy" - with various exceptions - to slow population growth.

Families that violated the rules faced fines, loss of employment and sometimes forced abortions.

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