Bangladesh has made significant progress in access to electricity as its electrification coverage reached 93 per cent, thanks to the stronger political commitment of the present Awami League government.
The World Bank in its just published Energy Progress Report 2019 mentioned that among countries with the largest population without access to electricity, Bangladesh, Kenya, Myanmar, and Sudan have made the most progress.
It said global electrification rate reached 89 per cent; the number of people without electricity access dropped to around 840 million, compared to 1 billion in 2016 and 1.2 billion in 2010.
But, the Awami League government, led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina attained tremendous success in power and energy sector because of the realistic roadmap for this sector with an aim to reach power to every household by 2021.
Talking to BSS, State Minister for Power, Energy and Mineral Resources Nasrul Hamid said access to quality and reliable electricity is no more a dream as the country’s 93 per cent people are now getting power, which was only 47 per cent before 2009.
According to power cell data, currently the power generation capacity of Bangladesh stood at 21,419 MW with power connections increasing to 3.32 crore while the number of power plants reached to 130.
Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report 2019 showed that despite the progress, reaching the remaining unserved people, including those connected to frail and overburdened urban grids, as well as displaced people, and hard-to-reach locations, will be challenging. An estimated 650 million people will be left without electricity access in 2030.
The report tracks global, regional and country progress on the three targets of SDG7: access to energy and clean cooking, renewable energy and energy efficiency. It identifies priorities for action and best practices that have proven successful in helping policymakers and development partners understand what is needed to overcome challenges.
Among countries with the largest population without access to electricity, Bangladesh, Kenya, Myanmar, and Sudan have made the most progress. Among the least electrified countries, South Sudan, Guinea-Bissau and Central African Republic electrified at around 3 percentage points each year since 2010. Cambodia, Afghanistan, and Nepal are currently among the fastest electrifying countries.
Maintaining and extending the pace of progress will require strong political commitment, long-term energy planning, stepped-up private financing and adequate policy and fiscal incentives. Combining grid and off-grid solutions, including solar lighting, solar home systems, and increasingly mini-grids, will be crucial. The issue of reliability and affordability can’t be ignored. One-third of access-deficit countries face more than one disruption in electricity supply per week. Basic electricity was unaffordable for 40 per cent of households in about half of these countries.
Significant efforts have been made to deploy renewable energy technology for electricity generation and to improve energy efficiency across the world. However, access to clean cooking solutions and the use of renewable energy in heat generation and transport are still lagging far behind the goals.
Maintaining and extending the pace of progress in all regions and sectors will require stronger political commitment, long-term energy planning, increased private financing and adequate policy and fiscal incentives to spur faster deployment of new technologies, the report underscores, reports BSS.
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