The World Bank has approved $1.03 billion of financing to help improve regional trade in Bangladesh and Nepal by reducing trade and transport costs and transit time along the regional corridors.
The Accelerating Transport and Trade Connectivity in Eastern South Asia (ACCESS) Program Phase 1 will help the respective governments address the key barriers to regional trade ─ manual and paper-based trade processes, inadequate transport and trade infrastructure, and restrictive trade and transport regulations and processes, according to a media release on Wednesday.
The Phase 1 of the programme will help replace lengthy manual and paper-based trade processes with digitised automated solutions in Bangladesh and Nepal.
The automation will enable faster border crossing times and install electronic tracking of truck entry and exit, electronic queuing, and smart parking, said the World Bank release.
The programme will also help improve selected road corridors and upgrade key land ports and custom infrastructure, while ensuring green and climate-resilient construction. This will help the integration of landlocked Nepal and Bhutan with the gateway countries of Bangladesh and India, it added.
“Regional trade offers enormous untapped potential for the countries of South Asia. Today, regional trade accounts for only 5.0 per cent of South Asia’s total trade, while in East Asia it accounts for 50 per cent,” Hartwig Schafer, World Bank Vice President for South Asia was quoted in the release.
“South Asia can boost economic growth significantly and create opportunities for millions of people by increasing regional trade and connectivity,” Schafer added.
The $753.45 million ACCESS Project in Bangladesh will upgrade the 43 km two-lane Sylhet-Charkai-Sheola road to a climate-resilient four-lane road, connecting the Sheola Land Port with the Dhaka-Sylhet Highway. This will cut down travel time by 30 per cent.
The project will support digital systems, infrastructure, and more streamlined processes at Benapole, Bhomra, and Burimari land ports, the three largest land ports in Bangladesh handling approximately 80 per cent of land-based trade.
It will also support the modernization of the Chattogram customs house which handles 90 per cent of all import/export declarations in Bangladesh.
“While the trade between Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, and Nepal grew six times from 2015 to 2019, the unexploited potential for regional trade is estimated at 93 per cent for Bangladesh,” Mercy Tembon, World Bank Country Director for Bangladesh and Bhutan, was quoted as saying.
“The project will help Bangladesh improve regional trade and transport and automation of processes will build resilience to crises like the Covid-19 pandemic,” Tembon said.
The programme will also help advance Bangladesh’s and Nepal’s preparedness and subsequent implementation of the Motor Vehicle Agreement (MVA). In the second phase, the programme will include Bhutan.
“A key focus of the ACCESS programme is to support solutions that can most effectively reduce dwell times at trade gateways, which is vital to lowering trade costs. This entails greater border cooperation and coordination within and between countries, cutting down the physical inspection of goods, and simplifying regulations and processes,” said Erik Nora, World Bank Task Team Leader of the programme, in the statement.