The Financial Express

Covid-19 disruptions led to 239,000 child and maternal deaths in South Asia: UN report

| Updated: March 23, 2021 21:44:18

- Photo collected from internet has been used only for representational purpose - Photo collected from internet has been used only for representational purpose

Disruptions in health services caused by the coronavirus pandemic may have contributed to an estimated 239,000 child and maternal deaths in South Asia including Bangladesh, says a UN report.

The report, commissioned by UNICEF and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), underlined that health services must urgently be restored and strengthened to contain the pandemic’s impact on the most vulnerable families.

The report cited examples of the more severe service disruptions, and they include an 80 per cent drop in the number of young children treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Nepal and Bangladesh, and a sharp drop in childhood immunisations in Pakistan and India.

Drastic cuts in the availability and use of essential public health services across South Asia due to Covid-19 may have contributed to 228,000 additional child deaths in 2020, according to the new United Nations report.

Around 11,000 additional maternal deaths are also expected, the report adds.

Clinics and other health facilities have been closed and many vital health and nutrition programmes halted as the region battles to contain Covid-19 cases, which numbered 11 million by the end of 2020.

“The fall-off of these critical services has had a devastating impact on the health and nutrition of the poorest families,” said UNICEF Regional Director for South Asia George Laryea-Adjei, adding, “It is absolutely vital that these services are fully restored for children and mothers who are in desperate need of them, and that everything possible is done to ensure that people feel safe to use them.”

The report calls for making essential health services for pregnant women, adolescents and young infants a topmost priority. Strengthening supply chains for the delivery of vaccines and other essential childhood medicines is also vital.

“Maintaining essential health services is an important pillar of WHO’s COVID-19 response strategy,” said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of the WHO South-East Asia Region. “Countries in the region have been focusing efforts on continuation and restoration of essential services, as disruption would only increase the risk of deaths from preventable causes.”

Some 420 million children in South Asia are out of school due to pandemic control measures. The report warns that 4.5 million girls are likely to never return to school, and are at particular risk due to deteriorating access to sexual and reproductive health and information services.

Focusing on South Asia’s six most populous countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka), the report notes that the increased levels of unemployment, poverty and food insecurity caused by the pandemic have further undermined public health.

The report calls for cash transfer programmes for the poorest families. It welcomes the various national social safety net programmes put in place since the start of the pandemic, but notes that full impact of these programmes still needs to be evaluated.

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