China announced more military drills around Taiwan as the self-governing island's president met with members of a new US congressional delegation on Monday, threatening to renew tensions between Beijing and Washington after a similar recent visit by US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi angered China.
Pelosi was the highest-level member of the US government to visit Taiwan in 25 years, and her trip prompted nearly two weeks of threatening military exercises by China, which claims the island as its own. In those drills, Beijing fired missiles over the island and into the Taiwan Strait and sent warplanes and navy ships across the waterway's midline, which has long been a buffer between the sides that split amid civil war in 1949.
The latest trip began Sunday with little notice ahead of time. The delegation was due to leave late Monday, reports AP.
China accuses the US of encouraging the island's independence through the sale of weapons and engagement between US politicians and the island's government. Washington says it does not support independence, has no formal diplomatic ties with the island and maintains that the two sides should settle their dispute peacefully - but it is legally bound to ensure the island can defend itself against any attack.
"China will take resolute and strong measures to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity," Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said at a daily briefing Monday, after Beijing announced new drills in the seas and skies surrounding Taiwan. "A handful of US politicians, in collusion with the separatist forces of Taiwan independence, are trying to challenge the one-China principle, which is out of their depth and doomed to failure."
The new exercises were intended to be "resolute response and solemn deterrent against collusion and provocation between the US and Taiwan," the Defense Ministry said earlier.
It was not clear if the new drills had already started since the ministry gave no details about where and when they would be conducted, in contrast to previous rounds.
The US lawmakers, led by Democratic Sen Ed Markey of Massachusetts, met with President Tsai Ing-wen, Foreign Minister Joseph Wu and legislators, according to the American Institute in Taiwan, Washington's de facto embassy on the island.
At their meeting, Tsai said her administration was working with allies to ensure stability in the Taiwan Strait and maintain the status quo - a reference to the island's self-governance, separate from Beijing.
"Russia's invasion of Ukraine earlier this year has shown the threat that authoritarian nations pose to the global order," Tsai said.
Markey responded by saying Washington and Taipei had a "moral obligation to do everything we can to prevent an unnecessary conflict and Taiwan has demonstrated incredible restraint and discretion during challenging times."
The senator also highlighted legislation intended to boost political and economic ties with Taiwan, especially in the critical semiconductor industry. Taiwan is a crucial provider of computer chips for the global economy, including China's high-tech sectors, and beyond the geopolitical risks of rising tensions in the region, an extended crisis in the Taiwan Strait could have major implications for international supply chains at a time when the world is already facing disruptions and uncertainty
Markey is one of the few members of Congress still serving who voted for the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act that ensured continued relations with the island following the switch of US diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing. The other members of the delegation are Republican Rep Aumua Amata Coleman Radewagen, a delegate from American Samoa, and Democrats John Garamendi and Alan Lowenthal from California and Don Beyer from Virginia.
China says it wants to use peaceful means to bring Taiwan under its control, but its recent saber rattling has emphasised its threat to take the island by military force. The earlier drills appeared to be a rehearsal of a blockade or attack on Taiwan that would force the cancellation of commercial flights and disrupt shipping to Taiwan's main ports as well as cargo passing through the Taiwan Strait, one of the world's busiest shipping lanes.
The exercises prompted Taiwan to put its military on alert, but were met largely with defiance or apathy among the public used to living in China's shadow.
The American "visit at this time is of great significance, because the Chinese military exercise is (intended) to deter US congressmen from visiting Taiwan," Lo Chih-cheng, the chair of the Taiwan legislature's Foreign and National Defense Committee, said after meeting with the US lawmakers.
"Their visit this time proves that China cannot stop politicians from any country to visit Taiwan, and it also conveys an important message that the American people stand with the Taiwanese people," Lo said.
A senior White House official on Asia policy said last week that China had used Pelosi's visit as a pretext to launch an intensified pressure campaign against Taiwan, jeopardising peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait and in the broader region.
"China has overreacted, and its actions continue to be provocative, destabilizing, and unprecedented," Kurt Campbell, a deputy assistant to US President Joe Biden, said on a call with reporters on Friday.
Campbell said the US would send warships and planes through the Taiwan Strait in the next few weeks and is developing a roadmap for trade talks with Taiwan that he said the US intends to announce in the coming days.