Myanmar’s refined fuel imports have stalled as protests over the military coup have shut banks and government offices, while a depreciation of its currency has driven up costs, five industry sources said.
Myanmar relies heavily on gasoline and diesel imports as its refineries are too small and old to meet its fuel needs. One source said imports may make up as much as 98 per cent of Myanmar’s fuel consumption.
“The economy is almost at a standstill. Almost all government ministries are closed,” the source said. “Fuel supply is running low. (The country) might run out of oil in two months.”
Reuters was unable to reach Myanmar government officials for comment. The five sources declined to be named due to the sensitive nature of the topic.
Tens of thousands of protesters have taken to the streets to denounce the coup that ousted the democratically elected government on February 01. A civil disobedience movement that calls on people not to go to work has also paralysed government, business and banking functions.
“One of the main problems is (the movement) telling people, ‘Don’t go to work’. So banks are shut and there’s nobody there,” another of the sources said.
The first source said banks have stopped processing payments and the customs and commerce offices that process import taxes and permits are not fully functioning.
A spokeswoman for Japan’s Mizuho Bank said it has not closed its Myanmar branches or stopped operations there, although it was not clear what services it was offering.
Oil import terminals operated by Puma Energy and PetroChina subsidiary Singapore Petroleum Company have stopped operating, although other terminals owned by local companies are still operational, the source said.
“But most don’t have more shipments arriving anymore,” he added.
Puma Energy - whose main shareholders are commodity trader Trafigura and Sonangol Holdings - said on Feb. 10 that its terminal had been shut. PetroChina did not respond to a Reuters query on the status of its operations in Myanmar.