Detailed plans on the UK's post-Brexit future will not be published until after this month's EU summit.
Theresa May will summon senior ministers to an away day at Chequers in July to settle details of the white paper and find a common way forward.
With ministers aiming to complete the negotiations by October, many had expected the plans to be released earlier.
It comes after Boris Johnson said the UK's Brexit strategy lacks "guts", reports BBC.
The white paper has been called the government's "most significant publication on the EU since the referendum".
Speaking at the G7 summit in Canada, the prime minister said, "There's going to be a lot of activity in the negotiations over the coming weeks.”
"I'll be going to the June European Council where we'll be talking about finalising the withdrawal agreement, but also pressing on the future relationship,” she said.
"After that, I'll be bringing my ministers together for an away day at Chequers to finalise the white paper we're going to be publishing.”
"And then before Parliament breaks for the summer, we'll be bringing the Trade and Customs Bill back to the House of Commons.
"Throughout all of that time, the negotiations will be continuing."
This week's events have once again highlighted the gulf of opinion in the cabinet over Brexit.
On Thursday, May was forced to agree to an "expected end date" of December 2021 for any interim arrangements after Brexit Secretary David Davis threatened to resign over the wording of the UK's proposed temporary customs agreement - the so-called backstop.
The proposal would see the UK match EU trade tariffs temporarily in order to avoid a hard Irish border post-Brexit.
That row was followed by comments from the Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson - recorded at a private dinner - where he warned of a Brexit meltdown, and said issues around the Irish border were mistakenly being allowed to dominate proceedings.
Mr Johnson also branded the Treasury - and, by implication, Chancellor Philip Hammond, "the heart of remain".
Responding to his comments, Mrs May said, "The foreign secretary has strong views on Brexit, but so do I. That's why I'm getting on with delivering Brexit."
EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier said May's proposals for a backstop "raises more questions than it answers"
But on Friday EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier criticised her proposals for a customs arrangement.
He stressed that he was not rejecting the UK prime minister's ideas - but said any "backstop" to prevent a hard Irish border could not be time-limited.
Barnier said the UK paper "raises more questions than it answers" but would be examined "objectively".
Mrs May told the BBC: "This is a negotiation, Michel Barnier has said exactly that point.
"We have put a proposal on the table, on this backstop relating to Northern Ireland, we will now sit down and negotiate it with the European Union."
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