Water is a vital human need. Everybody needs a minimum of 20 to 50 liters of unpolluted, safe water daily for drinking, food preparation and keeping themselves clean. However, inadequacy of safe drinking water is increasing day by day around the world.
Globally World Water Day will be celebrated on March 22. The theme for this year is "Valuing Water". The day will raise awareness about the worldwide water crisis, and use of water resources in an exceedingly accountable manner.
The SDG-6 pledges to confirm convenience and justifiable management of water and sanitation for all. SDG-6 doesn't solely aim at proper water management across the world, it additionally underpins several different SDGs; thus meeting SDG-6 would go in an extended manner towards achieving other SDGs.
Globally, 1 in 4 health care facilities lacks basic water services. 3 out of 10 persons lack access to securely managed beverage services and 6 out of 10 lack access to securely managed sanitation facilities. Water inadequacy affects approximately 40 per cent of the world population and it is projected to worsen further. More than 80 per cent of sewer water resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or ocean without any pollution removal. Each day, nearly 1,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitation-related diseases.
Just about 70 per cent of all water is extracted from rivers, lakes and aquifers for irrigation. According to the World Health Organisation assessment, 97 per cent of the people of Bangladesh have access to water and only 40 per cent have access to acceptable hygiene. By 2050, up to 5.7 billion people may be living in areas wherever water will be scarce for a minimum of one month a year. Climate-resilient water and sanitation might save the lives of around 360,000 infants every year.
If we contain global warming to 1.5°c, we could cut climate-induced water stress by up to 50 per cent. Extreme weather has caused more than 90 per cent of major disasters over the last decade.
By 2040, global energy demand is projected to increase by over 25 per ent and water demand is expected to increase by more than 50 per cent.
Here are some tips we should follow to conserve water.
-When clearing your teeth, shut the tap
-Use a hosing can to water the plants.
-Use a container to scrub the floors.
-When lathering in the shower, close the shower tap.
-Select to use a dishwasher to do the dishes!
-Use the accurate water saving knob on the toilet!
-We should try to reuse our rainwater through proper harvesting.
-When you drink water from a glass only take as much as you need.
-Consume the water you kept to drink for future.
-Drop tissues within the trash rather than flushing them and save water anytime.
-Use water-friendly equipments.
-Formulate and execute policy to conserve water.
-Improve irrigation and agricultural practices.
-Recycle and reuse waters in aquaculture.
-Address water pollution at all levels, especially in the river systems.